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17th Lok Sabha dedicated to reforms, nationalism and controversies – Amar Ujala Hindi News Live IG News


17th Lok Sabha dedicated to reforms, nationalism and controversy

Parliament of India
– Photo: Amar Ujala


The second term of the Modi government and the 17th Lok Sabha were marked by major reforms, nationalism along with Hindutva and conflicts between the government and the opposition. In the first year of its second term, the Modi government was in the news for repealing Article 370, 35A, criminalizing triple talaq and passing the Citizenship Amendment Bill. Meanwhile, there has been a bitter row between the government and the opposition over the Pegasus spying, a report by a foreign company linked to the Adani Group and a security lapse in parliament. The matter escalated so much that the parliament suspended a record 146 deputies at the last winter session.

The government has shown speed

The Modi government, which took a soft stance on the Hindutva agenda in its first term, has shown momentum in its second term. At the same time, it ran quickly along the reform track. In addition to the repeal of many old laws, significant efforts have been made to bring transparency to the industrial sector. In this term, two of the three most important agendas of the BJP-Jan Sangh, the construction of the Ram temple and the abolition of Article 370, were approved.

The government became entangled in a web of farm laws

This Lok Sabha has seen a bitter row between the government and the opposition over the Pegasus spy scandal, a foreign company filing against the Adani group and two youths entering the Lok Sabha by breaching the security cordon in winter. session. In this sequence, the government got so involved with the opposition and the farmers with three controversial agricultural laws that it had to withdraw all three laws. As a result of the uproar over Parliament’s security deficiencies, 146 opposition MPs were suspended over the course of four working days.

Controversy about the new parliament building

The new Parliament building was built in the new Lok Sabha itself. However, there was a fierce dispute between the government and the opposition on the issue of its construction and opening. The opposition boycotted the inauguration ceremony, when the new building was inaugurated by the Prime Minister instead of the President.

This account is historical

Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill, Indian Judiciary Code, Indian Evidence Act, Indian Civil Security Code, Social Security Code, Digital Personal Data Protection Act, Muslim Women (Protection of Rights in Marriage) Act, Consumer Protection Act , Se Vishwas Direct Tax Dispute Act , Proposed Employer-Employee Relations Code.

The Lok Sabha will be dissolved with 20 seats vacant

17. Lok Sabha to be dissolved due to 20 vacant seats. There have been no by-elections to the Lok Sabha in the past year. The Pune seat has been lying vacant for the longest time since the death of BJP MP Girish Bapat in March 2023. The Supreme Court has also chided the Election Commission for not holding a by-election there. A maximum of 15 seats in the parliament became vacant because MPs became MPs. Out of this maximum 11 seats are held by BJP MPs.

Interesting… the average age was 54, 400 MPs graduated.

The 17th Lok Sabha was more educated and younger. The gender ratio was also better. The number of MPs over the age of 70 decreased, while the number of MPs under the age of 40 increased. The average age was estimated at 54 years. Female MPs were younger on average. There are around 400 graduates among the MPs. The proportion of MPs with an education of at least the 12th grade has also increased. Members of parliament under the age of 40 were 26% in the first Lok Sabha, which reduced to just 8% by the 16th Lok Sabha. In the 17th Lok Sabha, it was 12 percent.

The representation of women is improving

In 2019, 78 out of 716 female candidates won. This means about 14 percent. There are currently 77 women. There were 62 women MPs in the last Lok Sabha. In the first Lok Sabha, only 5 percent of MPs were women. However, the proportion is still well below Rwanda (61 percent), South Africa (43), the United Kingdom (32), the United States (24), and Bangladesh (21 percent). With the passage of the Women’s Reservation Act, the representation is expected to increase further.

  • The youngest: BJD’s Chandrani Murmu was elected from Odisha’s Keonjhar. Age 25 years 11 months.
  • The oldest: Shafiqur Rahman Barke of SP, MP from Sambhal in UP. He was 89 years old at the time of the election.

The BJP, the single largest party in the Lok Sabha, had 303 members, which was reduced to 290 in the last session. The reason was the exit of members who contested and won the recent assembly elections. 397 MPs were elected from national parties. There were 52 MPs from the Congress, of which 48 remained.

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