Germany is “cautiously optimistic” about the situation in Sudan – Sudanile
The German government expressed its cautious welcome to the agreement under which Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok returned to his duties. It is noteworthy that Washington went in the same direction, warning at the same time against the excessive use of force against the demonstrators.
A spokeswoman for the German Foreign Ministry said in Berlin today (November 22, 2021) that Berlin considers the agreement on the basis of which Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok returned to his position, a positive first step in the right direction.
She added that other steps would have to be taken: such as releasing political detainees and returning the released political leaders to their posts. And the decrees issued by Abdel Fattah al-Burhan in the context of the October 25 coup in which the Sudanese army overthrew the interim government and declared a state of emergency and placed several politicians under house arrest, including Hamdok, should be withdrawn.
The spokeswoman added that the ultimate goal is a genuine return to the agreed transition process. This means that Hamdok must have sufficient freedom of choice to form a government capable of acting and making decisions. The German official said that the coming days will show whether a return to the transitional process will be achieved. Until then, the German Foreign Ministry will assess developments with cautious optimism.
According to the spokeswoman, the Sudanese had shown “great determination” to overwhelmingly oppose the militIG coup.
In a related context, US SecretIG of State Anthony Blinken on Sunday praised the agreement reached in Sudan to restore the path towards democracy, warning the authorities against the excessive use of violence against demonstrators.
“I am encouraged by reports that the talks in Khartoum will lead to the release of all political prisoners, the reinstatement of Prime Minister Hamdok, the lifting of the state of emergency and the resumption of coordination,” Blinken wrote on Twitter. “I also reiterate our call to the security forces to refrain from using excessive force against peaceful demonstrators,” he added.
Release of some political opponents
On the other hand, the Sudanese authorities released some politicians who were arrested last month, coinciding with the announcement of the Sudanese army chief, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, to dissolve the transitional government institutions and impose a state of emergency in the country. “I was released late yesterday evening (Sunday),” said the head of the Sudanese Congress Party, Omar Al-Digair, one of the released politicians.
Al-Daqeer added, “I was throughout this period in solitIG confinement and completely cut off from the world.” According to Al-Diqair, a number of politicians, including members of the Umma Party, the largest political party in the country, were released.
Al-Burhan led a coup on October 25 during a fragile transition period in Sudan. Most of the civilians in the government were arrested, and the union formed by civilians and militIG personnel was terminated, and a state of emergency was declared. And on Sunday, Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok was returned to his position and the decision to relieve him was canceled according to a “political agreement” he signed with Al-Burhan at the Republican Palace in Khartoum, a move that angered some.
The Forces of the Declaration of Freedom and Change, the main civilian bloc that led the anti-Bashir protests and signed a power-sharing agreement in 2019 with the army, rejected Sunday’s deal. “We confirm our clear and previously announced position, that there is no negotiation, no partnership, and no legitimacy for the coup,” she said in a statement. The group also called for the trial of the coup leaders on charges of undermining the legitimacy of the transitional process and suppressing and killing protesters.
In Khartoum and the cities of Kassala and Atbara in the east and north of the country, thousands of Sudanese continued their protests against the militIG coup. The protests turned into an expression of rejection of the new political agreement, according to eyewitnesses.
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On the other hand, the Sudanese police fired tear gas against demonstrators who came out in support of civilian rule near the Republican Palace in central Khartoum. The Central Doctors Committee, which opposes the coup, reported the death of a 16-year-old youth, bringing the death toll since the coup was announced to 41.
The television broadcast the details of the political agreement, which included 14 points in the preamble: Hamdok again assumed the prime ministership and “release all political detainees and work to build a unified national army.”
On the other hand, the agreement was welcomed by the international community, including the African Union, the United Nations and the Troika (Germany, Britain, Norway and the United States). Cairo and Riyadh, which have strong militIG ties with Khartoum, also welcomed the announced agreement. Analysts believe that by completing the political agreement in Sudan, Al-Burhan is trying to satisfy the international community in a way while establishing the dominance of the militIG over the transitional period.
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