In the 9th book, the Congress was responsible for the partition, praised the Sangh-Savarkar
A new class 9 history book prepared by Haryana’s Board of Secondary Education has praised the “cultural nationalism” of the RSS and its founders, blaming the Congress for the Partition. Former Chief Minister and Congress leader Bhupinder Singh Hooda says that this is a clear attempt by the BJP to ‘politicise’ education.
Chandigarh: A new class 9 history book prepared by the Board of Secondary Education in Bharatiya Janata Party-ruled Haryana has sparked a controversy by blaming the Congress for the partition of India in 1947.
The book also appreciates the ‘positive’ role played by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (BJP’s ideological source) and its founders in the ‘awakened cultural nationalism and freedom struggle’.
Board officials said that the new book will be available from May 20. History books of other classes have also been ‘updated’.
The reasons for the partition of India are given in the second last chapter of class 9 history book. In this, the Congress party’s ‘politics of greed for power and appeasement’ have been blamed for the partition.
It has blamed the ‘communal ideology’ of the Muslim League, apart from the ‘stubbornness’ of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the British policy of ‘divide and rule’ for the partition.
The book states that Congress leaders in the 1940s were “tired” and no longer willing to continue the freedom struggle.
In their eagerness to enjoy power at any cost, the book says, ‘some Congress leaders wanted freedom as soon as possible.’
It is further said, ‘Mahatma Gandhi opposed partition. When the Congress leadership did not show any enthusiasm, Gandhi also had to accept Partition.
The book also states that the Muslim League was “relentlessly opposing the Congress” on several issues. But on the other hand, the Congress was willing to cooperate with the Muslim League against the British government.
The Lucknow Pact of 1916, in which the two parties agreed to allow representation of religious minorities in provincial legislatures, the Khilafat movement of 1919 that called for the British to defend the Khilafat, and the 1944 Gandhi-Jinnah standoff over the two-nation theory To reduce the conversation, the book cited the example of ‘Congress’s appeasement policy’, which encouraged communalism.
It has been said, ‘Muhammad Ali Jinnah was tempted time and again and the undue attention he received made him become more powerful. As a result, the country was weakening, communal clashes were common… This convinced the Congress that partition was the only way to bring peace in the country.
The book questions whether partition was necessary to ensure peace between the two countries, ‘Why has peace not been established even today?’
Education Board said change ‘based on facts’
Ever since the book was uploaded online, state Congress leaders have stood up against it. Former Chief Minister and Congress leader Bhupinder Singh Hooda the wire Told that this is a clear attempt by the BJP to ‘politicise’ education.
Hooda said that the BJP is trying to saffronise history and brainwash the youth. He said, ‘On the other hand, the reality of the contribution of Congress in the freedom struggle is known to all. History doesn’t change like this. They will not succeed.
On the other hand, Haryana Board of Secondary Education Chairman Dr. Jagbir Singh denied the allegations of the opposition that the new book has been given a political color by distorting the facts.
They the wire Told that the content of the new books is based on ‘records available in history’.
More than 40 scholars of history were involved in this work and we have verified sources cited by them. I don’t want to indulge in unnecessary politicization but I feel it is important to present the right facts to the younger generation. Adequate efforts have been made for this.
He further said that more than 10 lakh copies of new history books from class 6 to 10 will be distributed from the new session. It will also be available in the market from May 20.
He said that the process of revision of books had started in 2017. In April 2017, a meeting was held under the chairmanship of the then Union Education Secretary Anil Swarup, in which it was decided that each state can amend the history books in its own way.
RSS, Hedgewar and the bridge of praise
The first chapter of the Class 9 book ‘Social and Cultural Renaissance in India’ talks about the contributions of 20th century personalities such as Maharishi Aurobindo and RSS founder Keshavrao Baliram Hedgewar, where it is said that they ‘forged the freedom struggle movement’. To increase ‘used the idea of cultural nationalism.’
It read, ‘It played an important role in the social, cultural and intellectual awakening of Indian society.’
There is also a detailed essay on Hedgewar on page 11 of this chapter, where he is described as a ‘great patriot and a believer of revolutionary ideas in his lifetime’.
The book gives a detailed account of Hedgewar’s political career, claiming that the Congress had once refused to bring a resolution based on his idea of complete independence for the country.
The book also has sections dedicated to the RSS, which it claims was ‘against the caste system and untouchability’.
,Savarkar’s contribution cannot be described in words.
Decades after the death of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, the struggle over his legacy continues.
The fourth chapter of the book is devoted to his role in the Indian freedom struggle. It is said, ‘Savarkar was a staunch supporter of Hindutva and also strongly opposed the partition of India.
It has also been claimed that Mahatma Gandhi had appealed for the release of Savarkar in the Young India magazine in 1920 – a claim that opposition parties have been told to distort facts.
There is no mention in the book about how Savarkar was released from jail. Critics of Savarkar say that he had apologized to the British rulers for his release from prison.
Indus Valley Civilization and Saraswati-Indus’ Civilization
In the class X history book, what was earlier called ‘Inshu Valley Civilization’ has now been described as ‘Saraswati-Indus Civilization’.
Saraswati, a river described in ancient Indian texts, has been claimed to be a ‘river around which ancient Indian civilization first began’.
MS Jaglan, who teaches Geography at Kurukshetra University, shared an article on the subject in a Facebook post.
They have claimed that the methods used to prove the mythological hypothesis about the existence of the Saraswati river are insufficient.
He wrote, ‘In the Indo-Gangetic divide (from the Himalayan foothills to the Gujarat coast) there are many paleochannels (old river channels buried under sediment). Remote sensing scientists have identified various paleochannels in this region. Many of them have enthusiastically claimed that the channels they identified belonged to Saraswati.
He further wrote, ‘This conclusion was in line with his mythological beliefs rather than being based on historical facts. If we go to their conclusion, there are hundreds of channels related to Saraswati in this entire region. But no one can give a complete picture as its formulation is beyond their academic purview.
Jaglan further writes that it is strange that the land records of the Mughal period are being cited to prove the existence of a river during prehistoric times. “Science cannot be used to prove myths, it should be used to clear the haze,” he said.
(Click here to read this report in English.)
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