Medical experts have conducted research on how dengue is spread, what are the precautions for it, how dangerous it is and what should be done to prevent the disease, which has yielded encouraging results.
Dengue fever is the fastest-spreading mosquito-borne disease worldwide and significant progress has been made to prevent it, with a large clinical trial using virus-fighting bacteria to prevent up to 77% of dengue cases. The reduction has been achieved.
Research published in the medical journal The New England Journal of Medicine states that the bacterium is “Volbachia pipentus” which is found in a number of terrestrial insects and prevents them from spreading diseases, but it is not found naturally in mosquitoes that spread dengue. Goes
The World Mosquito Program study conducted a clinical trial in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, where dengue was spreading rapidly. In the trial, bacterial mosquitoes were bred for 9 months in 2017 and then released in half the city. went.
During the trial period, there was a 77% reduction in dengue cases and a 86% reduction in hospital visits. After the success of the trial, the mosquitoes were released first into the entire city and then into the surrounding areas. Researchers say that this is a great achievement for the residents of this Indonesian city.
He said that more than 7 million cases of dengue are reported in Indonesia every year and with the success of the trial, we have spread our work to the entire city and surrounding areas.
Unlike other pest control methods, this strategy does not require much effort but has long-term effects.
The researchers said that “Volbachia pipants” affect their host and transmit those effects to the next generation by changing their growth rate. The results are exciting progress in controlling dengue, which affects more than 400 million people worldwide each year.
He said the international community needed a safe, long-lasting and effective method, which could also be used to prevent other mosquito-borne diseases.