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The Earth is on fire as 2023 was the hottest year on record: UN Weather Agency IG News

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Last year was the hottest year on record – by a wide margin – according to data from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), a UN agency based in Geneva.

UNITED NATIONS, (APP – UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News – 12th Jan, 2024 ) Last year was the hottest year since records were kept by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), a UN agency based in Geneva – by a wide margin. , it shows.

The average global temperature in 2023 was 1.46 degrees C (2.6 F) above pre-industrial levels between 1850 and 1900, marking the 10th consecutive year that temperatures were at least 1 degree C (1.8 F ) above pre-industrial levels.

This is 0.17 C (0.3 F) warmer than 2016, the previous hottest year on record, and 1.29 C (2.3 F) above pre-industrial levels, the WMO report said.

The World Meteorological Organization uses six leading international data sets from around the world to monitor global temperatures, revealing a new annual temperature average of 1.45°C relative to the pre-industrial era (1850-1900).

It sets new records every month between June and December. July and August were the hottest months on record, the WMO said.

The 1.5°C figure is a temperature limit clearly set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, but it refers to a long-term increase in temperature averaged over decades rather than a single year like 2023.

“Climate change is the biggest challenge facing humanity. It affects all of us, especially the most vulnerable,” said WMO Secretary General Prof. Celeste Saulo.

“We can’t afford to wait any longer. We are already taking action, but we need to do more, and we need to do it quickly.”

For this, Professor Saulo explained, a drastic reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and an accelerated transition to renewable energy sources are necessary.

Looking ahead, the WMO chief warned that 2024, when the cooling La Niña phenomenon was replaced by a warming El Niño in the middle of last year – which usually has the biggest impact on global temperatures after their peaks – could be even hotter.

Celeste Saulo, who became WMO Secretary-General on January 1, explained that “while El Niño events occur naturally and come and go from year to year, longer-term climate change is intensifying and this is clearly due to human activities.”

Since the 1980s, each decade has been warmer than the previous, and the past nine years have been the warmest on record. Data from six datasets show that the 10-year average temperature increase for 2014-2023 was about 1.20°C.

“Mankind’s actions are burning the Earth. 2023 was just a preview of the disastrous future that awaits us if we don’t act now. We must respond to record temperature rises with groundbreaking measures,” UN Director-General António Guterres said in response to the latest data.

“We can still avoid the worst climate catastrophe. But only if we act now with the ambition needed to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius and ensure climate justice,” he said in a statement.

Long-term monitoring of global temperatures is only one indicator of how the climate is changing.

Other key indicators include greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, ocean warming and acidification, sea level, sea ice extent, and glacier mass balance, to name a few.

The WMO’s interim report on the state of the global climate in 2023, released on November 30, showed that records had been broken across the board.

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