Vishwadeep De: Durga Puja begins in autumn as a result of Shri Ram’s premature birth. Who does not know this! But how many unknown stories of this precocious understanding are spread, we do not keep track of it. One of which is that Ravana was a priest in Ramachandra’s worship! Yes, such stories can be heard in books.
no Valmiki’s Ramayana does not mention this puja of Ramachandra. But Kritivas Ojha has written in detail about Akal Bodhan. It is also mentioned in Devi Bhagavata Purana and Kalika Purana. Moreover, language transfer from Punthi to Punthi, addition of new events was there. Then various stories are mixed in the folklore practice.
[আরও পড়ুন: অল্প সুরাপান স্বাস্থ্যের পক্ষে ভাল! মদের বোতলে ‘সতর্কবার্তা’ লেখার আরজি খারিজ সুপ্রিম কোর্টের]
But why did Ravana become the priest of Rama’s premature death? He did not know that Ramachandra wanted to kill him and rescue Sita. Why did Rakshasaraj want to ensure his own death? Before that, one more thing can be said.
Many may think, how did Ravana become a Brahmin? In fact Ravana’s father Visrava Muni was a Brahmin. So Ravana is a Brahmin even though he is the son of the demon Kaiksi. It does not end here, he was versed in various scriptures including the four Vedas. Ravana, well-versed in Sanskrit, learned and performed Trisandhya Gayatri till his death, was therefore regarded as a high class Brahmin. Not only Ravana, but others of the Ravana clan like Ahiravana and Mahiravana are said to have been saints.
[আরও পড়ুন:সল্টলেকে বিজেপির দুর্গাপুজোয় মহিলা পুরোহিত, আসতে পারেন নাড্ডা-শাহ ]
Anyway, back to the story of Akal Bodhan. After the Rama-Ravana war began, when the great heroes of Lanka were captured one by one, Ravana praised Mother Durga. Durga sheltered Ravana in the form of Kali. Sheltered in the arms of Mother Kali, Ravana became invincible in battle. In this situation, Rama decided to worship Durga prematurely (in autumn instead of spring) to appease her. But who will be the priest in that worship?
Prajapati Brahma himself raised Ravana’s name as the priest of Rama’s premature birth. He advised, “Ravan can be the suitable priest for this puja.” Raghunandan offered priesthood to the demon king Ravana. And Ravana also agreed.
While reciting the Bodhan mantra, Ravana uttered, “Ravanasya Badharthaya…” That is, he himself performed the puja for his own death, he resolved. In fact, Ravana knew that he needed to be killed by Rama to save the Rakshasa family. And that is why he agreed to officiate at this puja.
But it turned out that no matter how much Ravana performed the priesthood, he was invincible in battle. Every time Rama beheaded, the severed head was reattached with the blessings of the goddess. In this situation, Rama realized that Chandi had to be defiled. There is no other way. This burden fell on Hanuman. Pawanputra took the form of a fly and went to Chandi. A letter was covered. As a result Ravana made a mistake while reciting the mantra. Chandi is impure because he did not pronounce that one letter.
This story of Chandi being impure is different in Krittivasi Ramayana. It is said there, Ravana is alarmed to know about Ram’s puja. So he sent a call to Lord Jupiter to get the grace of the goddess. Chandi reading is prohibited at night. And so Jupiter bent down. But at last, trembling with fear at the sight of Ravana’s bloodshot eyes, he began the lesson. And then Hanuman appeared there. Takes the form of a fly. ‘As Jupiter is there, Upanith to him, / Chandipatha single-mindedly…/ Taking the form of a mukshika, licked the two letters,/ Could not see Jupiter./ Habit was in him, read in negligence,/ Hanuman was very conscious..’ Naturally, Devi got angry because of the error in Chandipath. Meanwhile, Ravana also showed anger and said that since Devi has taken the side of his enemy, so Devi is also his enemy now. Such is the ego of the demon king. Although Ravana was actually a great sage, in the end he was demonic, arrogant. What Sadhe said ‘Ati Darpe Hata Lanka…’ As a result the grace of the goddess was no longer on Ravana. Broad is the path of his slaughter.
Along with this, the story of 108 blue lotuses brought from Manas Sarovar. While offering the lotuses brought by Hanuman to the goddess, Rama noticed that one lotus was missing. Then he wanted to offer his lotus-like eyes. Next? Krittivasa says, “The sight of Ram Vasila in the sight of the eyes./ He held Katyayani in his hand./ What do you do? What do you do Lord Jagat Gonsai./ I want your eyes full of determination.” Then it was only a matter of time for Rama, the boon of the goddess, to slay Ravana.
The story of today’s Durga Puja is the worship of the goddess in autumn instead of spring. Which is not in Valmiki Ramayana. Added later. Again, the story of Ravana’s priesthood in Akal Bodhana has similarly entered into the story of some Ramayana. Actually there are many versions of Ramayana. It is truly amazing to think about these different versions. Familiar stories have changed in different languages, different cultures! Talking about Ramayana-Mahabharata, Rabindranath wrote, ‘These two great books, the two poems of our entire India, are sitting without the names of their own authors poets – the poets have fallen so far behind their poetry.’ In this way the epic has taken on different forms incorporating the different cultures of the country.
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