Why does ISRO want to land on the south side of the moon? would be proud to know the reason IG News

New Delhi. Chandrayaan-3 Landing Update After Russia’s Luna-25 spacecraft crashed during landing on the moon, the eyes of the whole world are on the Indian mission Chandrayaan-3. Only a few hours are left for the vehicle’s Vikram Lander to land on the moon. ISRO has updated on Tuesday that the Chandrayaan-3 mission is ready for a soft landing on the South Pole on Wednesday evening. India wants to be the first country to study the South Pole. No mission has yet visited this part of the Moon. Earlier, the Luna-25 vehicle was also about to land on the South Pole this week, but crashed. The question is, what is there in the southern part of the moon, that all the countries want to land on this part of the moon, let us know…


India’s lunar mission is currently aiming to find the right place for the soft landing of Vikram Lander on the lunar terrain facing many challenges. ISRO believes that if everything goes well, Vikram will land on the moon at 6.04 pm on August 23. ISRO plans to start live coverage of the landing at 5:30 pm. The whole world is waiting for the success of this mission of India.

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What is special about the south side of the moon?
ISRO’s former group director Suresh Naik told HT, “ISRO always tries to do different things on each mission. So, that’s one aspect. The second aspect is to find out the possibility of getting the right amount of water. Large craters on the southern side of the Moon would result in fairly deep and permanently shadowed regions, and then the surface of the Earth is constantly bombarded by comets and asteroids – these are the types of celestial bodies that crash into the Moon. and are deposited on the surface of the Moon as ice and missing particles.”

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lots of water, minerals and dreams of human colonies
He says, “It is expected that there will be a lot of water in the snow accumulated in the southern part. Another factor is that electricity generation is possible due to its unique topography. On one side there is a vast shady area and on the other side there are many peaks. These peaks are permanently exposed to sunlight. Therefore, it is an advantageous position to establish a human colony in the near future. China is already looking to set up a human colony there by 2030. Many precious minerals are also available on the moon. Helium-3 is one of the valuable minerals which can help us generate pollution free electricity.”

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America and China plan
Naik also said that nine Moon missions have been planned by different countries in the next two years. Both the United States and China have planned missions to the South Pole. It is noteworthy that the previous Indian mission Chandrayaan-2 in 2019 had failed to land safely near the same area.

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India will create history
Once Chandrayaan-3 will deploy a rover near the Moon’s south pole, ISRO scientists said they will run a series of experiments for 14 days to learn more about the composition of lunar soil and rocks. The Moon’s south pole is expected to have deposits of ice and minerals. India wants to be the first country to study the South Pole. No mission has yet visited this part of the Moon.

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When was water discovered on the moon
As early as the 1960s, before the first Apollo landing, scientists speculated that water might exist on the Moon. Samples returned for analysis by Apollo crews in the late 1960s and early 1970s appeared to be dry.

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In 2008, researchers at Brown University re-examined those lunar samples with new techniques and found hydrogen inside tiny beads of volcanic glass. In 2009, a NASA instrument on ISRO’s Chandrayaan-1 probe detected water on the lunar surface. In the same year, another NASA probe, which reached the South Pole, found water ice beneath the Moon’s surface. An earlier NASA mission, Lunar Prospector in 1998, found evidence that the highest concentration of water ice was in the shadowed craters of the South Pole.

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